PCOS is one of the most prevalent cause of unwanted hair growth on your face, which is medically known as hirsutism. Hirsutism is characterized by coarse, black hair on your face, chest, belly, back, upper arms, and upper legs. In polycystic ovary syndrome, your ovaries produce or release a large amount of androgen hormone. Androgen hormone is mostly responsible for male characteristics. Unfortunately, this hormone also leads to female-pattern hair loss called androgenic alopecia.
Immediate medical care is essential since delaying treatment complicates the condition and may have long-term health effects.
Androgen And Facial Hairs
Excessive unwanted face and body hair are often caused by an imbalance of androgens in your body. Males and women both tend to produce androgens, but men have much more significant amounts of biologically active androgens.
Those whose hair follicles are hormone-sensitive androgens may induce vellus hairs to turn into terminal hairs. Terminal hair is thicker, longer, darker, and coarser than vellus hair.
Androgen-sensitive hair growth regions are:
- Inner thighs
- Beard or chin area
- Upper lip
- Lower back
- lower abdomen or belly
Causes Of Hirsutism
Some of the causes of Hirsutism are listed below:
- Polycystic Ovary Syndrome
- Non-classical Adrenal Hyperplasia
- Cushing Syndrome
- Ovarian or Adrenal Tumors
Reproductive and medical endocrinologists treat Hirsutism. If you are diagnosed with Hirsutism, your physician may conduct blood tests, an ultrasound, special x-rays, and hormone testing to determine the ovaries’ and adrenal glands’ activity.
The most commonly recommended hormonal medicine for the treatment of hirsutism is the birth control pill. They suppress ovulation and reduce androgen production in the ovaries. Estrogen in tablets stimulates the liver to manufacture and release sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG). (SHBG) is a protein that binds to androgens and inhibits their activity. The tablets have the additional benefits of controlling the menstrual cycle, preventing unnecessary pregnancies, and reducing excessive hair growth.
If your adrenal glands are hyperactive, your doctor may recommend a low dosage of steroids. Some women who take steroids report mood swings or trouble falling asleep. But these side effects usually subside within the first several days. Weight gain, weakening of the skin and bones, and a reduced ability to fight infection are all possible adverse effects of these medications. But doctors use their modest dosages to treat hirsutism.
To be successful, cosmetic hair removal in women with hormonally related hirsutism should always be supported by medical treatment.
You can use spironolactone in combination with birth control pills. This drug directly blocks androgen actions and is helpful in the treatment of hirsutism. The other useful drug is flutamide, which inhibits androgen receptors and prevents testosterone conversion to more active androgens. Unfortunately, these drugs are not FDA authorized for treating hirsutism, although they are widely used and researched for that purpose.
Electrolysis and Laser Therapy
Treatments targeting your skin or hair more directly are available to help with hair issues. Such as Vaniqa, a prescription ointment, acne products, and cosmetic procedures including laser therapy and electrolysis. During a laser hair treatment, a beam of light is delivered through the skin to destroy your hair follicles. Laser hair removal typically works better for people who have light skin and dark hair. In electrolysis, your doctor may introduce a fine needle into your hair follicle and a moderate electric current passes through this needle to permanently destroy your hair follicle’s capacity to generate hair. Because follicles are treated one at a time, electrolysis is not feasible for treating vast regions of the body. Electrolysis and laser treatment, on the other hand, are highly effective methods for removing unwanted hair. They may not, however, stop all hair growth and are not necessarily permanent.