The types of skin allergies are contact dermatitis, hive and eczeme . As bumpy, itchy, and red skin can be painful, irritating, and embarrassing. One of the most common offenders is an allergic reaction to the skin or simply a skin allergy. Perhaps you have questions about what an allergen is? An allergy occurs when your body reacts to something that it perceives as dangerous. Your immune system overreacts, producing antibodies in response to these “invaders.” That fight triggers symptoms such as a rash or swelling. A number of factors can cause rashes , including exposure to specific plants (such as poison ivy) and allergic responses to medications or foods. A disease like measles or chickenpox can also trigger rashes. Two of the most common forms of skin rashes are eczema and hives.
Types of Skin Allergies
The most common types are :
Hives (urticaria) cause itchy red welts or bumps on the skin.They can be triggered by contact dermatitis, but they can also be caused by allergic responses to bug stings, medicines, and foods.
- The condition is called acute urticaria if the urticaria lasts for less than six weeks. Exposure to an allergen is the most common cause of acute urticaria.
- Chronic urticaria lasts for more than six weeks. Chronic urticaria has a primarily unknown etiology.
Hives usually appear right away and disappear within a few hours or days.
Also known as atopic dermatitis. You may experience red itchy patches. The condition usually begins in childhood and affects 1 to 3 percent of adults and between 10 and 20 percent of children.
A common symptom includes:
- dry skin
- fissured and oozing skin
Experts aren’t sure what causes it. They do know that some triggers can make your skin itchy, red, and dry. Especially when infected, the skin may have tiny, fluid-filled pimples that leak a clear or yellowish substance. Eczema patients usually have a family history of allergies.
Contact dermatitis is a skin reaction that occurs when an irritant or allergen comes into contact with your skin. For example, if you’ve ever had a rash after wearing a new ring or using a different soap, you have undoubtedly had this disease. Laundry detergents, soaps, fabric, shampoo, softeners — or even excessive exposure to water — can all lead to contact dermatitis. Pollen and other airborne particles can cause dermatitis when they settle on the skin. This is known as “airborne contact dermatitis.”
In some cases, you won’t experience a reaction until you’ve been in the sun for a while. It’s also known as “photoallergic contact dermatitis.” Some chemicals, such as those present in sunscreens, shaving lotions, and fragrances, cause problems.
Common Symptoms include:
- Scaly patches
What Causes a Skin Allergy?
Fragrances. Perfumes, lotions, and other scented items are among the most common triggers.
Nickel. Found in jewelry, belt buckles, and zippers, this metal is the most common contact dermatitis cause.
Antibiotic creams. Such as bacitracin and neomycin, found in many over-the-counter options.
Ingredients in household products. Your skin may react to common metals and preservatives in these things around your home.
How to relieve the itching from my skin rash?
Try to avoid scratching your skin. Rubbing a rash or hives might irritate them even more and lead to infection. Bathing regularly, followed by adequate moisturization, may help to alleviate your discomfort.
To help you feel better, an allergist may prescribe a cream or oral medicine. Antihistamines and moisturizers can also help relieve irritation and dryness. In addition, new medications for atopic dermatitis, including an ointment for mild to moderate atopic dermatitis and a biologic for moderate to severe atopic dermatitis, have just been approved. But, again, you can talk to your allergist about these alternatives.
The most effective approach to avoiding that rash is to steer clear of the allergen. Your doctor can help to determine the specific source of your allergy. Your doctor may perform a patch test. First, a small quantity of allergens is applied to your skin. Then, you’ll be asked to keep or maintain that area dry. After a few days, those regions are examined to see if you have a reaction. If you come into contact with an allergy, wash the area as quickly as possible with soap and water.
The majority of skin allergies go away on their own. Meanwhile, take care of the symptoms. Here’s how to do it:
- Soak in an oatmeal or milk bath.
- Take a cool shower or Put cool compresses on the area or
- Wear loose clothing.
- Use calamine lotion and hydrocortisone creams.
Consult your doctor if your allergy is severe or persists for longer than a few weeks.
In rare circumstances, skin allergies can cause anaphylaxis, a life-threatening allergic response. So if you or anyone you know is wheezing, has chest tightness, or has problems breathing, get medical attention immediately.
http://Diepgen TL, Ofenloch RF, Bruze M, Bertuccio P, Cazzaniga S, Coenraads PJ, Elsner P, Goncalo M, Svensson Å, Naldi L. Prevalence of contact allergy in the general population in different European regions. Br J Dermatol. 2016 Feb;174(2):319-29. doi: 10.1111/bjd.14167. Epub 2015 Dec 26. PMID: 26370659.