All About Health Care

What does dandruff look like?

Nobody enjoys falling white flakes on the scalp. To get rid of dandruff, we all use various shampoos and treatments, both natural and chemical. First, however, I want to ask a question for many of you who suffer from dandruff: How certain are you that you have dandruff? Unless a physician diagnoses it as dandruff, how can anyone be certain they have dandruff if it does not clear up after numerous washes? Perhaps you are suffering from another underlying condition?

What is dandruff?

What we see as white flakes in dandruff are skin cells. Each month, our skin regenerates. New cells migrate from the bottom of the skin layer to the top within a month while dead cells are shed. These are so minute in size that we are unaware of the shedding of cells. This shedding is increased in dandruff. That is how these dead cells with skin oils can be distinguished from white flakes.

On the other hand, itching may be the most distressing side effect. So, what is your scratchy scalp simply trying to tell you? Learn about the most common dandruff symptoms and how to restore your scalp’s health.


  • Scaly scalp 
  • Flakes and an itchy scalp
  • White, oily flakes accumulated in hairs and on shoulders
  • Often get worse when the air is dry or cold like in fall and winter months
  • Greasy patches on the scalp and tingling skin.


  •  Seborrheic dermatitis (Your skin become oily and irritates)
  •  Stress, poor hygiene of scalp
  • Malassezia, is a yeast that aggrevate your scalp result inscreased skin cell growth.
  • Over or underuse use of shampoos.
  • Chemical treatments that damage your hair and scalp 

Men are more likely to develop dandruff than women. Additionally, Individuals with oilier hair or who suffer from certain illnesses (such as Parkinson’s disease or HIV) are often at higher risk. 

Dealing with dandruff


Your dry scalp tends to flake and itch, but usually, the flakes you’ll experience with dry skin are smaller and less oily. Restoring moisture to the scalp can help with itchiness. Coconut oil is the best moisturizer; this improves skin hydration and fights dryness, worsening dandruff.

What does dandruff look like?
Coconut. Fresh young coconut with coconut oil isolated on white. Full depth of field.

Do not take stress

Stress itself is not the cause of dandruff but can aggregate and worsen dandruff. If you take high levels of stress for a long period of time which may suppress your immune system’s activity. A weakened immune system can impair your body’s ability to fight certain fungal infections and skin conditions associated with dandruff.

Consider going for a restorative walk or practicing yoga to control your stress level.

Over-the-counter (OTC) shampoos

If you are experiencing itchiness, you may find relief by using over-the-counter (OTC) shampoos. These shampoos are formulated to combat dandruff and itchiness. Furthermore, the most effective dandruff shampoos and conditioners contain zinc pyrithione. These ingredients leave behind thin plate-like pieces of medicine on the scalp, preventing the fungus from regrowing and thus acting as a preventative measure for both dandruff and hair loss caused by scratching. As a result, rather than ignoring the itch, invest in proper treatment.

Some of the best anti-dandruff shampoos are given below.

  • Selsun Blue
  • Neutrogena T/Gel 
  • Nizoral 
  • Head & Shoulders
  • Jason Dandruff Relief 

Stop scratching

Try to avoid scratching your scalp. Itching is initially caused by dandruff irritation, but scratching aggravates the irritation, creating a vicious cycle. Shampooing frequently enough can help to alleviate dandruff symptoms. Eliminate anything extra from your personal care routine and gradually reintroduce it to determine which gels, sprays, and other products do not exacerbate your symptoms.

When should I see a doctor for dandruff?

The good news is that dandruff can be effectively treated in many cases with over-the-counter shampoos and other lifestyle changes. If you have particularly stubborn or itchy dandruff, you may have psoriasis, eczema, or true fungal infection. Again, your physician can assist you.

If the itch persists or your scalp becomes red or swollen, schedule an appointment with your physician. Also, consult your physician if shampoos are ineffective, if redness and flaking spread to your face, eyebrows, or other areas of the body, if you notice lice or nits in your hair, or if the itching becomes a problem in your daily life.

Consult a physician if you experience any of the following:

  • Red patches or rash on your scalp or hairline.
  • Bleeding when the flakes fall off your scalp.
  • Signs of infection, as is pain or pus.


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Zuri Dime

full-time health blogger

We are here to provide you health-related information. If you want to increase your knowledge keep this list of medical blogs handy. We cover Health, Diet, Exercise, and Skincare.

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