What is liposuction?
Liposuction is a surgical operation that removes fat from particular parts of your body where fat tends to deposit and accumulate by using a suction technique. For instance, the surgical procedure can be used to remove fat from your tummy, abdomen, waistline, neck, arms, chin, buttocks, thighs, or hips. Other terms for liposuction include body contouring and lipoplasty.
Liposuction isn’t generally believed to as a weight-loss method. If you’re overweight, diet and exercise, as well as bariatric operations like gastric bypass surgery, are more likely to help you lose weight than liposuction. However, you may consider liposuction if you have excess body fat in specific areas but otherwise have healthy body weight.
Symptoms of liposuction
The goal of this operation is to lower the number of fat cells in a specific location of your body. Areas that may be targeted include, for example,
- Check and back and thigh
This procedure could also be used to treat a number of medical issues, including:
- Axillary hyperhidrosis
- Gynaecomastia or pseudogynecomastia
- Extreme weight loss
- Lipodystrophy syndrome
Risks or Complications
The following are some of the potential complications associated with liposuction:
- Fluid accumulation. Seromas are temporary pockets of fluid that grow under the skin. Adittionslly your health practioner can drain this fluid with a needle.
- Fat embolism.Broken pieces of loosened fat can get trapped in a blood artery and collect in the lungs or move to the brain. A fat embolism is a life-threatening medical condition.
- Infection.Skin infections are uncommon, although a severe skin infection may be life-threatening.
- Numbness.In the affected area, you may have temporary or permanent numbness.
- Pulmonary embolism.If a blood clot forms in your lungs and causes an obstruction, it could be fatal.
- Kidney and heart problems. It’s likely that the fluid injection during surgery can change your fluid levels, causing renal and cardiac problems that could jeopardise your recovery.
Types of Liposuction
- Tumescent liposuction.This is the most common type of liposuction. The surgeon injects a sterile solution — to help in fat removal, an anaesthetic to alleviate pain, and a medication (epinephrine) to constrict the blood vessels — into the area being treated. The fluid mixture may induces swelling and stiffening of the affected area. Following that, the surgeon makes small incisions in your skin and inserts a cannula beneath it. The cannula is attached to a vacuum that removes fat and fluids from your body. An intravenous (IV) line may be used to restore your body fluids.
- SmartLipo or Laser-assisted liposuction (LAL). This procedure use high-intensity laser light to break down fat for removal. During LAL, the surgeon makes a small incision in the skin and inserts a laser fibre to emulsify fat deposits. After that, the fat is removed via a cannula.
- Ultrasound-assisted liposuction (UAL). During UAL,your surgeon inserts a metal rod that produces ultrasonic energy beneath your skin. This causes the fat cells to rupture and the fat to be broken down for easier removal.
- Power-assisted liposuction (PAL).This method of liposuction involves the use of a cannula that goes back and forth rapidly. This vibration enables the surgeon to more easily and quickly extract excess fat. PAL may occasionally result in less pain and swelling .This method enables surgeon to perform more precise fat removal. If huge amounts of fat need to be removed or if you’ve previously undergone liposuction, your surgeon may recommend this treatment.